HIV/AIDS, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, is a disease caused by the HIV virus.
Primarily, HIV is transmitted via contaminated blood transfusion, unprotected sex (even oral and anal), hypodermic needles, and from mother to child during delivery, pregnancy, or breast feeding.
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There is no cure for HIV/AIDS, though its course can be slowed down through antiretroviral treatment. Here are a few ways with which you can prevent HIV virus from entering your body:
Condoms are 99% successful in preventing the spread of the virus from one person to the other. But make sure that the condoms you are using are made up of latex only, and those made of sheep intestine or lambskin may allow the virus to be transferred.
Never allow sharing of hypodermic needles
Intravenous drug users commonly share needles and this poses a higher risk of spreading the disease. So, never share needles with others.
Be loyal to your sexual partner
Sexual contact is the most common medium of HIV/AIDS spreading. So, try to limit the number of your sexual partners you have. Try to know the sexual history of your partner and make sure that he or she has been tested for HIV infection.
Avoid a high risk occupation
Certain occupations carry high risks of being exposed to infectious individuals such as: nurses, doctors, prison guards, correctional officers, paramedic, police officers, and public safety employees. If you are involved in any of such professions, do not forget to wear protective masks and gloves at all times.
Avoid one night stands and casual sexual activities
Such acts have become a common thing in today’s society. But such practices create extremely high risks of receiving STDs or sexually transmitted diseases like AIDS. Try to avoid these.
Avoid alcohol or drug abuse
Alcohol or drug use can significantly increase the risks of practicing unsafe behavior, which can ultimately lead to unwanted infection or disease. Such substances can lower your inhibition and encourage you to act in an uncharacteristic way and take risks.
Consider male circumcision
This method has been proven to prevent spread of STDs by as much as 60%. That is why, many countries have recommended this method to their male members, as it can be a great method to prevent sexually transmitted infections.
In case you suspect an exposure to HIV/AIDS, you should immediately get your blood tested and start treatment with antiretrovirals. These medicines prevent the HIV virus from multiplying inside your body and causing the infection.