Sex is a basic need in life, but you can’t bear the risk of getting pregnant every time you have intercourse. Therefore, it is important to use some form of contraception to avoid any unwanted pregnancy.
Here are a few contraceptive methods that you can use to avoid getting pregnant:
This is one of the major forms of contraception used by women. Birth control pills have a 95% success rate and can allow you to enjoy sex in its natural form (without any condoms or diaphragms involved). Earlier, you had to take one pill every day at almost the same time each day, but now, advanced contraceptive pills have been developed which you have to take only once a week.
These are affordable and easy to use, and the best thing about them is that they provide protection against sexually transmitted diseases too. Usually, condoms are made of latex, but those made of lambskin and polyurethane are also available. Lambskin condoms are more expensive, but allow for a more natural feel. You can buy them from any pharmacy or grocery store, as no prescription is required.
Female condoms are also available over-the-counter, and have a success rate of 95%. They are more expensive than male condoms, but they have less chances to bursting.
This barrier form of contraception is placed inside the vagina, thereby preventing sperm from entering the uterus. Depending on the type and material of the diaphragm, you can reuse it many times, but every time, you will have to coat it with a spermicide.
IUD or intrauterine device
There are two types of devices: copper-based and hormonal. This is a long-term solution for contraception, as they prevent you from becoming pregnant for a period of 5 to 10 years. This device remains inside your vagina for a period of 5 to 10 years, and if you want to become pregnant in between those years, you can get the device removed. A professional will be required to insert and remove the device.
These are much like hormonal contraceptive pills, the only difference is that their effects last for about 3 months. These are 99% successful in preventing unwanted pregnancy. Just like the pills, these injections also do not provide protection against STDs.
These are also hormonal contraceptives which you have to place in your vagina and keep in place for 3 weeks. You have to remove it during your periods and then replace with a new one after your period stops.
If your family is complete and you do not want any more children, then you can consider permanent sterilization available for both men and women. The operation done for permanent sterilizations are very simple, and you are allowed to go home on the very same day. Female sterilization is tying of the fallopian tubes. Male sterilization is called a vasectomy. But make sure that you do not want any more children, as these are permanent contraceptives and their effects cannot be reversed.